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Steve Jobs對史丹佛大學畢業生的演講內容(下篇)

以下是蘋果電腦公司與Pixar動畫製作室執行長賈伯斯Steve Jobs (Steven Paul Jobs) 在西元2005年6月12日對史丹佛大學畢業生的演講內容:(下篇,henry540翻譯修改)

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我的第二個故事,是有關愛與失去。


我運氣很好,在年輕時就發現自己愛做什麼事。二十歲時,我跟Stephen Wozniak在我爸媽的車庫裡開始了蘋果電腦的事業。我們拼命工作,蘋果電腦在十年間從一間車庫裡的兩個小夥子擴展成了一家員工超過四千人、市價二十億美金的公司。在我們推出最棒的作品-麥金塔電腦的後一年,我才剛邁入人生的第三十個年頭。然後被炒魷魚。你怎會讓自己創辦的公司炒你魷魚?好吧,事情是這樣的:當蘋果電腦成長後,我請了一個我以為他在經營公司上很有才幹的傢伙來,在他來的頭幾年也確實幹得不錯。可是我們對未來的願景不同,最後只好分道揚鑣,而董事會站在他那邊,炒了我魷魚,公開把我請了出去,非常公開。曾經是我整個成年後的生活重心不見了,這令我不知所措。


有幾個月,我實在不知道要做什麼好。我覺得我令企業界的前輩們失望-我把他們交給我的接力棒搞丟了。我見了創辦HP的David Packard跟創辦Intel的Bob Noyce,跟他們說我很抱歉把事情搞砸得很厲害。我成了公眾非常負面的示範,我甚至想要離開矽谷。但是漸漸的,我發現,我還是喜愛著我做過的事情,在蘋果的日子經歷的事件沒有絲毫改變我愛做的事。我被否定了,可是我還是愛做那些事情,所以我決定從頭來過。


當時我沒發現,但是現在看來,被蘋果電腦開除,是我所經歷過最好的事情。成功的沉重被從頭來過的輕鬆所取代,每件事情都不那麼確定,讓我自由地進入這輩子最有創意的階段。


接下來五年,我開了一家叫做NeXT的公司,又開一家叫做Pixar的公司,也跟後來成為我老婆的特別女孩談起了戀愛。Pixar接著製作了世界上第一部全電腦動畫電影,玩具總動員,現在是世界上最成功的動畫製作公司。(賈伯斯說完這句話後,觀眾歡呼贊同...)。然後,蘋果電腦買下了NeXT,我又回到了蘋果。我們在NeXT發展的技術成了蘋果電腦後來復興的核心。而我和 Laurene Powell 也共組了美滿的家庭。


我很確定,如果當年蘋果電腦沒開除我,就不會發生這些事情。這帖藥很苦口,可是病人需要這帖藥。有時候,人生會用磚頭打你的頭。不要喪失信心。我確信,我愛我所做的事情,這就是這些年來讓我繼續走下去的唯一理由。你得找出你愛的,工作上是如此,對愛人也是如此。你的工作將填滿你的大部分人生,唯一獲得真正滿足的方法就是做你相信是偉大的工作,而唯一做偉大工作的方法是愛你所做的事。如果你還沒找到這些事,繼續找,別停下來。盡你全心全力,你知道你一定會找到。而且,如同任何偉大的關係,事情只會隨著時間愈來愈好。所以,在你找到之前,繼續找,別停下來。


我的第三個故事,是關於死亡。


當我十七歲時,我讀到一則格言,好像是「把每一天都當成生命中的最後一天,有一天你就會發現你是對的。」(賈伯斯這個西式諺語笑話又讓觀眾笑了...)。這句話對我影響深遠,在過去的三十三年裡,我每天早上都會照鏡子,問自己:「如果今天是我人生中的最後一天,我是否還是會想做今天我正預計要去做的事?」每當我連續太多天都得到一個「不是」的答案時,我就知道自己必須有所改變了。
 

提醒自己快死了,是我在人生中下重大決定時,所用過最重要的工具。因為幾乎每件事--所有外界的期望、所有的得意、所有對困窘或失敗的恐懼-在面對死亡時,都消失了,只有最重要的東西才會留下。提醒自己快死了,是我所知避免掉入害怕自己有東西要失去的陷阱的最好的方法。你已經赤條條地(意即人原本即一無所有:生不帶來,死不帶去),沒有道理不順心而為。


大約一年前,我被診斷出癌症。我在早上七點半作斷層掃描,在胰臟清楚出現一個腫瘤。而我連胰臟是什麼都不知道。醫生告訴我,那幾乎可以確定是一種不治之症,我大概活不到三到六個月了。醫生建議我回家,好好跟親人們聚一聚,這是醫生對臨終病人的標準建議。那代表你得試著在幾個月內把你將來十年想跟小孩講的話講完。那代表你得把每件事情搞定,家人才會輕鬆。那代表你得跟人們說再見了。


我整天想著那個診斷結果,那天晚上做了一次切片,從喉嚨伸入一個內視鏡,從胃進腸子,插了根針進胰臟,取了一些腫瘤細胞出來。我打了鎮靜劑,不醒人事,但是我老婆在場。她後來跟我說,當醫生們用顯微鏡看過那些細胞後,他們開始大叫,因為那是非常少見的一種胰臟癌,可以用手術治療。所以我接受手術,感謝老天,我康復了。
 

這是我最接近死亡的時刻,我希望那會是未來幾十年內最接近的一次。之前死亡對我只是抽象概念,但經歷此事後,我可以更肯定地告訴你們下面這些:
沒有人想死。即使那些想上天堂的人,也不想透過死亡上天堂。但是死亡是我們共有的目的地,沒有人逃得過。這是註定的,因為死亡簡直就是生命最棒的發明,是生命變化的媒介,送走老人們,給新生代留下空間。現在你們是新生代,但是不久的將來,你們也會逐漸變老,被送出人生的舞台。抱歉講得這麼戲劇化,但是這是真的。


你們的時間有限,所以不要浪費時間活在別人的生活裡。不要被教條所惑--盲從信條就是活在別人思考的結果裡。不要讓別人的意見淹沒了你內心的聲音。最重要的是,擁有跟隨內心與直覺的勇氣,你的內心與直覺多少已經知道你真正想要成為什麼樣的人。任何其他事物都是次要的。


在我年輕時,有本神奇的雜誌叫做Whole Earth Catalog,當年我們很尊崇這本雜誌。那是一位住在離這不遠的Menlo Park的Stewart Brand發行的,他把雜誌辦得很有詩意。那是1960年代末期,個人電腦跟桌上型電腦排版印刷還沒發明,所有內容都是打字機、剪刀跟拍立得相機做出來的。雜誌內容有點像印在紙上的Google,而這在Google出現之前的35年就有了:理想化,充滿新奇工具與神奇的註記。


Stewart 跟他的出版團隊出了好幾期Whole Earth Catalog,然後是停刊號。當時是1970年代中期,而我正是你們現在這個年紀的時候。在停刊號的封底,有張早晨鄉間小路的照片,那種當你有勇氣搭便車旅行時會經過的鄉間小路。在那張照片底下有行小字:『求知若飢,虛心若愚。』那是他們親筆寫下的告別訊息,我總是以此自許。

今日,當你們畢業,展開新生活,我也以此期許你們。
求知若飢,虛心若愚。

非常感謝你們大家的聆聽。

 

 

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應同學要求,節錄原文部分(演講稿,與實際演講內容略有不同)於下:

My second story is about love and loss.

I was lucky — I found what I loved to do early in life. Woz and I started Apple in my parents garage when I was 20. We worked hard, and in 10 years Apple had grown from just the two of us in a garage into a $2 billion company with over 4000 employees. We had just released our finest creation — the Macintosh — a year earlier, and I had just turned 30. And then I got fired. How can you get fired from a company you started? Well, as Apple grew we hired someone who I thought was very talented to run the company with me, and for the first year or so things went well. But then our visions of the future began to diverge and eventually we had a falling out. When we did, our Board of Directors sided with him. So at 30 I was out. And very publicly out. What had been the focus of my entire adult life was gone, and it was devastating.

I really didnt know what to do for a few months. I felt that I had let the previous generation of entrepreneurs down - that I had dropped the baton as it was being passed to me. I met with David Packard and Bob Noyce and tried to apologize for screwing up so badly. I was a very public failure, and I even thought about running away from the valley. But something slowly began to dawn on me — I still loved what I did. The turn of events at Apple had not changed that one bit. I had been rejected, but I was still in love. And so I decided to start over.

I didnt see it then, but it turned out that getting fired from Apple was the best thing that could have ever happened to me. The heaviness of being successful was replaced by the lightness of being a beginner again, less sure about everything. It freed me to enter one of the most creative periods of my life.

During the next five years, I started a company named NeXT, another company named Pixar, and fell in love with an amazing woman who would become my wife. Pixar went on to create the worlds first computer animated feature film, Toy Story, and is now the most successful animation studio in the world. In a remarkable turn of events, Apple bought NeXT, I returned to Apple, and the technology we developed at NeXT is at the heart of Apples current renaissance. And Laurene and I have a wonderful family together.

Im pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadnt been fired from Apple. It was awful tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometimes life hits you in the head with a brick. Dont lose faith. Im convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. Youve got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is going to fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you havent found it yet, keep looking. Dont settle. As with all matters of the heart, youll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking until you find it. Dont settle.

My third story is about death.

When I was 17, I read a quote that went something like: "If you live each day as if it was your last, someday youll most certainly be right." It made an impression on me, and since then, for the past 33 years, I have looked in the mirror every morning and asked myself: "If today were the last day of my life, would I want to do what I am about to do today?" And whenever the answer has been "No" for too many days in a row, I know I need to change something.

Remembering that Ill be dead soon is the most important tool Ive ever encountered to help me make the big choices in life. Because almost everything — all external expectations, all pride, all fear of embarrassment or failure - these things just fall away in the face of death, leaving only what is truly important. Remembering that you are going to die is the best way I know to avoid the trap of thinking you have something to lose. You are already naked. There is no reason not to follow your heart.

About a year ago I was diagnosed with cancer. I had a scan at 7:30 in the morning, and it clearly showed a tumor on my pancreas. I didnt even know what a pancreas was. The doctors told me this was almost certainly a type of cancer that is incurable, and that I should expect to live no longer than three to six months. My doctor advised me to go home and get my affairs in order, which is doctors code for prepare to die. It means to try to tell your kids everything you thought youd have the next 10 years to tell them in just a few months. It means to make sure everything is buttoned up so that it will be as easy as possible for your family. It means to say your goodbyes.

I lived with that diagnosis all day. Later that evening I had a biopsy, where they stuck an endoscope down my throat, through my stomach and into my intestines, put a needle into my pancreas and got a few cells from the tumor. I was sedated, but my wife, who was there, told me that when they viewed the cells under a microscope the doctors started crying because it turned out to be a very rare form of pancreatic cancer that is curable with surgery. I had the surgery and Im fine now.

This was the closest Ive been to facing death, and I hope its the closest I get for a few more decades. Having lived through it, I can now say this to you with a bit more certainty than when death was a useful but purely intellectual concept:

No one wants to die. Even people who want to go to heaven dont want to die to get there. And yet death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because Death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Lifes change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it is quite true.

Your time is limited, so dont waste it living someone elses life. Dont be trapped by dogma — which is living with the results of other peoples thinking. Dont let the noise of others opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.

When I was young, there was an amazing publication called The Whole Earth Catalog, which was one of the bibles of my generation. It was created by a fellow named Stewart Brand not far from here in Menlo Park, and he brought it to life with his poetic touch. This was in the late 1960s, before personal computers and desktop publishing, so it was all made with typewriters, scissors, and polaroid cameras. It was sort of like Google in paperback form, 35 years before Google came along: it was idealistic, and overflowing with neat tools and great notions.

Stewart and his team put out several issues of The Whole Earth Catalog, and then when it had run its course, they put out a final issue. It was the mid-1970s, and I was your age. On the back cover of their final issue was a photograph of an early morning country road, the kind you might find yourself hitchhiking on if you were so adventurous. Beneath it were the words: "Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish." It was their farewell message as they signed off. Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish. And I have always wished that for myself. And now, as you graduate to begin anew, I wish that for you.

Stay Hungry. Stay Foolish.

Thank you all very much. 

 感謝原文出處:史丹福大學報導

(原文網址:http://news.stanford.edu/news/2005/june15/jobs-061505.html)


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