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1. Balance through control: the five ingredients
2009/4/15 下午 02:54:09
2. the world's top sports injury specialists
2009/4/15 下午 02:49:12

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Balance through control: the five ingredients

Balance through control: the five ingredients Exercises and guidelines are given for the five most essential ingredients for an athlete whose main weapon is the shoulder: Sports-specific technique Flexibility Core stability Rotator-cuff control General strength Sports-specific technique: poor performance and shoulder pain commonly originate in bad habits of technique. Often they are only clearly seen when muscle fatigue sets in.The variety of overhead movements required for each sport gives rise to very subtle and unique technique faults. We give examples of what to look out for. Flexibility: the purpose of flexibility varies for the different muscles around the shoulder. For the major power muscles, it is important that flexibility allows freedom of movement for the pelvis, trunk, scapula, and humerus. For the rotator cuff, the critical issue is the balance of forces centreing the head of the humerus, and to a lesser degree, freedom of movement. As we explain, it is more critical that the internal and external rotators are equally flexible, rather than how flexible they are. Stretching: learn why stretching to increase flexibility should never be done prior to training or competition -- and when it should be done. Core stability: core stability has become a whole science in itself in the last decade as all manner of sports professionals have realised how critical it is for the inner core of the body, namely those joints closer to the spine, to be supported by the postural muscles designed to do so. For the shoulder, the critical areas are the lumbar and cervical spine and the scapulothoracic joint. Discover why, if these areas are not stable, significant extra loading and strain is passed on to the shoulder joint Rotator-cuff strength and control: the rotator-cuff muscles are dependent on the good positioning of the scapula for effective control. If the scapula is angled too far forward or downward, for instance, while the tennis player reaches overhead to smash, the rotator-cuff muscles are biomechanically disadvantaged and may result in failure of the prime mover muscles to generate power. General muscle strength: once the foundational issues of technique, flexibility, core stability, and rotator-cuff control are being implemented, we then look at the bigger picture of the ‘outer core’. What is the rest of your body like - does it help or hinder the performance of your shoulder? ...
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the world's top sports injury specialists

Nick Grantham is a strength and conditioning coach who has worked with elite athletes for the past 10 years. He has trained many of the country’s elite athletes including Olympic and Paralympic finalists, and professionals in a multitude of sports. He now heads up the Strength and Conditioning team at GENR8 Fitness. Ulrik Larsen is an APA sports physiotherapist, Practice Principal with Optima Sports Medicine in Brisbane, Australia and the founder of ‘Rehab Trainer’ Michael Dobson is a specialist registrar in trauma and orthopaedic surgery at University College London Hospital Marcus Lee is consultant orthopaedic and shoulder surgeon at University College London Hospital Fares Haddad BSc MCh (Orth) FRCS (Orth) is a consultant orthopaedic surgeon at University College London Hospital and editorial consultant to Sports Injury Bulletin Mark Alexander is sports physiotherapist to the Australian Olympic Triathlon team and the lecturer/coordinator of the Master in Sports Physiotherapy programme at La Trobe University, Melbourne; and managing director of BakBalls, a self-treatment device for back pain. Cameron Reid is an osteopath who has worked with both professional and amateur football clubs in the UK. Alongside his private practice he runs training in ergonomics, manual handling and pitch side care and injury rehabilitation. Jeremy Windsor is an anaesthetist at North Middlesex Hospital and research assistant at the Institute of Human Health and Performance at University College London. He was a member of the Xtreme Medical Expedition that climbed Mt Everest in 2007, and has climbed widely in Greenland, East Africa, South America and the Himalayas as expedition doctor. Jane Johnson is a chartered physiotherapist with an interest in musculoskeletal injuries and massage. She is co-director of the London Massage Company. Chris Mallac has been Head of Sports Med at Bath Rugby and Head Physio at Queensland Reds Super 14. He is currently in private practice in Brisbane, Australia. Scott Smith is an Australian physiotherapist. He works at Albany Creek Sports Injury Clinic in Brisbane, specialising in running and golf injuries. He is currently working with Australian Rules football teams in Brisbane. ...
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